Present value formulas for bonds will take a look at the present value formulas for both a single payment and for an annuity. One of the reasons bonds works well to practice present value formulas is because they have both a single payment at the end of the term and an annuity payment and these are the major two formats we can use to calculate present value. Present value can be calculated multiple different ways. Present value can be calculated using equations, using present value tables, using financial calculators, or using Excel. We will focus on the present value formulas here.

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