Financial Accounting

Financial Accounting – Accounting cycle – We cover most introductory financial accounting topics in detail. Links to relevant parts of the video below. Financial Accounting Overview: 0:17 Why Learn Accounting 19:58 Accounting Objectives 29:22 Accounting Equation 44:36 Balance Sheet 1:01:58 Income Statement 1:15:22 Statement of Equity 1:26:11 Balance Sheet & Income Statement Relationship 1:49:58 Cash Method vs Accrual Method 2:06:17 Ethics Profession 2:22:19 Financial Transaction Rules 2:36:07 Financial Transaction Thought Process 2:47:29 Cash Transactions 3:04:24 Accounts Receivable Transactions With Accounting Equation 3:14:50 Accounts Payable Transactions with Accounting Equation Debits and Credits Financial Transactions 3:40:12 Debits & Credits 3:56:01 Rules for Using Debits & Credits 4:14:28 Transaction Thought Process 4:28:08 Trial Balance 4:43:10 Cash Journal Entries with Debits and Credits 5:01:11 Accounts Receivable Transactions Using Debits and Credits 5:11:16 Accounts Payable Transactions Using Debits and Credits 5:33:44 General Ledger Adjusting Entries: 5:48:11 Accounting Cycle Steps in The Accounting Process 5:41:11 Types of Adjusting Journal Entries 6:15:33 Adjusting Journal Entry Rules 6:20:16 Why Use a Worksheet in Adjusting Process 6:31:29 Adjusting Journal Entries Thought Process 6:42:42 Adjusting Entries 6:47:54 Adjusting Entries Unearned Revenue 6:47:54 Adjusting Entries Wages or payroll 6:58:06 Adjusting Entry Accounts Receivable or income or revenue 7:03:27 Adjusting Entries Insurance 7:09:48 Adjusting Entries Depreciation 7:14:58 Reversing Journal Entries – Accrued Revenue 7:24:12 Balance Sheet Current Assets From Trial Balance 7:14:58 Balance Sheet Property Plant and Equipment from Trial Balance 7:33:31 Balance Sheet Liabilities 7:37:33 Balance Sheet Equity Section 7:44:00 Income Statement From Trial Balance 7:53:13 Statement of Equity From Trial Balance 8:02:12 Financial Statement Relationship Closing Process 8:08:29 Accounting Cycle 8:18:31 Closing Process Explained 8:25:51 Post Closing Trial Balance 8:29:56 One Step Closing Process 8:41:46 Two Step Closing Process 8:52:40 Four Step Closing Process – Step one 8:38:53 Four Step Closing Process – Step Two 9:02:21 Four Step Closing Process – Step Three 9:07:51 Four Step Closing Process – Step Four 9:15:17 Post Closing trial Balance & Financial Statements Merchandising Transactions – Transactions With Inventory 9:21:39 Accounting Cycle for Merchandising Company 9:24:56 Perpetual Inventory System 9:43:32 Periodic Inventory System 10:06:02 Perpetual vs. Periodic Inventory Systems 10:22:52 Merchandising Transactions – Purchaser and Seller 10:28:45 Purchases of Inventory Journal Entry 10:34:01 Sale of Inventory Journal Entry – Perpetual Inventory Method 10:41:13 Sales Discount Vs Purchases Discount 10:46:52 Purchase Discount Journal Entry 10:53:27 Sales Discount Journal Entry 11:00:45 Inventory Shrinkage 11:09:51 Sales Returns and Allowances Transaction 11:25:51 Income Statement Introduction 11:32:47 Financial Statements for a Merchandising Company Business Objective To generate revenue by providing goods or services to a community. For example, the mission statement of Auto-Owner Insurance is: “Our Goal is to provide the best claim service in the industry” (Mis). A company’s mission should describe the ideal goods and services that the company provides. The success of a company’s ability of achieve its mission will be measured, in part, by revenue. If revenue cannot be produced the good and services the company strives to provide will not be provided because the company will eventually go out of business. The business objectives should be separated from personal objectives. This separation is not an indication that the business objective is more important but because it will help us measure the success of both the business objectives and as our personal objective. Our business objectives can be thought of as fitting within our personal objectives, meaning they are separate from the personal objectives but the personal objectives are the primary goal. Our personal objectives will vary from person to person but can be thought of as the desire to live well for our purposes here. Separating business and personal objectives allows us to measure both better, providing better tools to achieve more goals in both realms. For example, if we started a small business one of the first things we would consider doing is setting up a separate business bank account and or business credit card. For the most part, everything we purchase is either an expense or an asset. The question we need to consider is whether the purchase is a business expense or asset or a personal expense or asset. This questions can be answered by asking what the objective of the purchase are. For example, if we purchased a building to be used for the business it would be a business asset because we purchased it to h

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